[Characteristics of daytime napping and its correlation with chronic diseases in Chinese adults].
Wen QR., Zhu YQ., Lyu J., Guo Y., Pei P., Yang L., Du HD., Chen YP., Chen JS., Yu CQ., Chen LM., Li L.
Objective: To describe the prevalence of daytime nap habit in participants of the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study, across 10 study regions and explore its correlation with prevalence of major chronic diseases. Methods: Participants with a self-reported pre-diagnosis of any cancer at baseline survey were excluded. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the differences in study regions and age distribution of the prevalence daytime nap habit, and its correlation with the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and chronic liver diseases. Results: Among 510 145 participants, 39.9% had daytime nap habit in summer and 20.8% had daytime nap habit all the year round. Urban-rural differences were observed in the prevalence of summer nap habit and perennial nap habit. Daytime nap in summer was common in rural areas and Suzhou, with prevalence ranged from 32.9% to 73.3%. Haikou and Liuzhou had higher prevalence of perennial nap (60.4% and 63.3%). The proportion of people with daytime nap habit all the year round increased with age (P for trend <0.001), the proportion was highest in those aged 70- years (31.9%). Daytime nap habit in summer was positively correlated with the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, CHD and chronic liver disease with OR of 1.10 (95%CI: 1.07-1.14), 1.03 (95%CI:1.02-1.05), 1.07 (95%CI: 1.02-1.12) and 1.07 (95%CI:1.00-1.14), respectively. Daytime nap habit all the year round was positively correlated with the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, CHD, stroke, COPD and chronic liver disease with OR of 1.33 (95%CI: 1.29-1.37), 1.11 (95%CI: 1.09-1.13), 1.39 (95%CI: 1.33-1.45), 1.33 (95%CI: 1.26-1.41), 1.12 (95%CI: 1.08-1.16) and 1.27 (95%CI:1.18-1.37) respectively. Conclusion: There were regional and age differences in prevalence of daytime nap habit among CKB participants. Daytime nap habit, especially daytime nap habit all the year round, was positively correlated with the prevalence of major chronic diseases.