Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: The expression of genes encoding a number of pathogenetic pathways involved in colorectal cancer could potentially act as prognostic markers. Large prospective studies are required to establish their relevance to disease prognosis. METHODS: We investigated the relevance of 19 markers in 790 patients enrolled in a large randomised trial of 5-fluorouracil using immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in situ hybridisation. The relationship between overall 10-year survival and marker status was assessed. RESULTS: Minichromosome maintenance complex component 2 (MCM2) and cyclin A were significantly associated with overall survival. Elevated MCM2 expression was associated with a better prognosis (HR = 0.63, 95%CI: 0.46 - 0.86). Cyclin A expression above the median predicted an improved patient prognosis (HR = 0.71, 95%CI: 0.53 - 0.95). For mismatch repair deficiency and transforming growth factor β receptor type II (TGFBRII) overexpression there was a borderline association with a poorer prognosis (HR = 0.69, 95%CI: 0.46 - 1.04 and HR = 2.11, 95%CI: 1.02 - 4.40, respectively). No apparent associations were found for other markers. CONCLUSION: This study identified cell proliferation and cyclin A expression as prognostic indicators of patient outcome in colorectal cancer.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Chin Med J (Engl)

Publication Date

02/2011

Volume

124

Pages

483 - 490

Keywords

Aged, Cell Proliferation, Colorectal Neoplasms, Cyclin A, DNA Mismatch Repair, Female, Humans, In Situ Hybridization, Ki-67 Antigen, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta, Tissue Array Analysis