taleNeprilysin and Neprilysin inhibition in chronic kidney disease.
Judge PK., Haynes R.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk of progression to end-stage kidney disease and cardiovascular events. There is limited evidence that available treatments have beneficial effects on cardiorenal outcomes in all people with nondiabetic CKD. Neprilysin inhibition (NEPi) is a new therapeutic strategy with potential to improve outcomes for patients with CKD. RECENT FINDINGS: NEPi enhances the activity of the natriuretic peptide system producing natriuresis, diuresis and inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system and sympathetic nervous system. Sacubitril/valsartan is the first Angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) to be produced and has been shown to substantially improve cardiovascular outcomes in heart failure and delay progression of kidney disease in this population. Although ARNIs have not shown similar effects on kidney function in the short-to-medium term in people with CKD, they are associated with substantial reductions in cardiac biomarkers and blood pressure in CKD. SUMMARY: These data suggest that NEPi with an ARNI could benefit patients with CKD by reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and have the possibility of retarding the progression of CKD (hence delaying the need for renal replacement therapy).