Comparison of 1 + 5 DAT and 3 + 10 DAT followed by COAP or MAZE consolidation therapy in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia: MRC ninth AML trial.
Rees JK., Gray R.
This trial, which will probably accrue over 1,000 patients before it closes, has already demonstrated that high remission rates are attainable in large multicenter studies using 'conventional' doses of ara-C. The results in the group aged less than 40 are comparable with many single-center studies. There is, at the moment, only a borderline difference in the remission rates between the two forms of induction therapy but the more intensive regimen of DAT 3 + 10 achieves remission more quickly and requires less supportive care. Analysis of the reasons for failure to enter remission continues to show that inadequate supportive care remains an important reason why the remission rates are not higher. Drug-related deaths in remission, though decreasing gradually in this study, are a disturbing consequence of increasing the intensity of consolidation treatment.